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Thursday, 10 December 2015

Oil-based Vegan Shortcrust Pastry Recipe (No Butter/Margarine) | Made with Aquafaba

oil based vegan shortcrust pastry recipe (no butter, no margarine), made with aquafaba

Unless you are making a crustless pie, for me, no matter the filling, a great pie is one that has a good base - a flaky, buttery crust. What’s different in this pastry is that it uses oil instead of butter or margarine.

While there are a few brands of vegan butter or margarine available on the market, the thing is, they are not available everywhere. So, this recipe makes it possible for those of you in that situation to still enjoy a good flaky delicious pie crust without the need for butter or margarine.

It might also be just a little bit healthier although that is not the main reason I am using oil here, but this oil-based crust is certainly a lot easier to work with. It literally takes away the hassle of trying not to over-handle the dough so as not to melt the butter, as it is the case with traditional shortcrust pastry. If you live in cold regions, this is not much of an issue. But in hot weather, it’s almost impossible to get the butter to stay solid after just 5 minutes outside of the fridge.

This oil-based crust, ironically enough, is also less oily and much lighter. Baking powder is not an ingredient that you would normally use in shortcrust pastry but I have used it in this recipe to keep the texture a little bit lighter as the oil alone with tend to make it dense.

oil based vegan shortcrust pastry recipe (no butter, no margarine), made with aquafaba

oil based vegan shortcrust pastry recipe (no butter, no margarine), made with aquafaba

In this recipe, I am using aquafaba. That’s the fancy name for bean juice or chickpea brine or water which I have talked about before. It’s the liquid that you collect from a can of beans, like chickpeas, white beans or butter beans. I’ve made my own aquafaba as I boil the beans from dry. So, after they are cooked, save the water in which they have been boiling. You can reduce this water to make it thicker. For this recipe though, we don’t need it to be too thick. So, the amount you’ll need will depend on the flour and the oil that you are using. I have used 6 tablespoons but you may need a little bit more or less.

oil based vegan shortcrust pastry recipe (no butter, no margarine), made with aquafaba

For shortcrust pastry, I would recommend that you use weight measurement rather than volume as it is more precise and will ensure optimum results.

oil based vegan shortcrust pastry recipe (no butter, no margarine), made with aquafaba

Oil-based Vegan Shortcrust Pastry Recipe

Ingredients (one pie dish, 24-cm or 9-inch diameter)
2 1/4 cups [320 g, 11 oz] all-purpose (or pastry/cake) flour
3/4 teaspoon baking powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
6 tablespoons [90 ml, 80 g, 2.8 oz] sunflower oil (olive oil, grapeseed oil, vegetable oil or coconut oil are also good)
6 tablespoons [90 ml] aquafaba (or substitute with 1 teaspoon lemon juice + 5 tablespoons [75 ml] non-dairy milk)

Into a large mixing bowl, add the flour, baking powder and salt.

Give the dry ingredients a mix and then add in the oil. Start working with your fingers and mix the oil around. Then, similar to making shortcrust pastry, gently rub in the flour and oil mixture with your fingers to create something that eventually looks like fine breadcrumbs.

Add the aquafaba. You may need to add 1 tablespoon more depending on the flour type. What we want to achieve is a rather soft non-sticky dough. So, press the moistened flour mixture to form a dough. You can do this on the board if it is easier instead of in the bowl. But do not knead this mixture. Work as little as possible with it to form the dough. Once a smooth ball is formed, you can proceed to rolling it out or you can keep it in the refrigerator for about 15 minutes before using it. This will firm it up a little bit and also produces a slightly better texture when baked.

The amount of dough in this recipe is enough for a 24-cm or 9-inch pie pan, or slightly larger. Roll out the dough to the size of the pan plus the depth. To transfer the dough into the pan, loosely wrap it around the rolling pin and then unwrap it onto the pan.

If the dough breaks, just fix it by pressing the pieces together. Shape and press the dough into the pan so that it fits snugly and then you can trim off any excess dough. You can re-roll these little bits for smaller pans or to cut out shapes to decorate the pie.

If you want to flute the edge, you can do this by lifting the dough from the edge and insert your index finger underneath it. Then pressing in on either side with the first two fingers of the other hand. Work in this way, all around. (The video above demonstrates this better).

To help the dough bake well and not puff up, prick it with a fork. You can also put some parchment paper on top of the crust with some weight onto it like dried beans, rice or baking beads to prevent it from puffing but I did not do this with this one as it does not seem to puff too much.

The crust itself will require 25 to 30 minutes to bake at 180 degrees Celsius or 350 degrees Fahrenheit. But for some recipes, you may need to only partially bake it before adding the filling, then bake again. So, go with the recipe.

Note: You can make this dough in advance and either freeze it or keep it for a day in the refrigerator. Then, just take it out and allow it to soften enough to be rolled out.

oil based vegan shortcrust pastry recipe (no butter, no margarine), made with aquafaba

I have some upcoming delicious pie recipes using this crust, like this popular Mauritian custard pie to which I’ve added a little twist. So, check back soon.

Vegan Pear Custard Pie, Mauritian Recipes

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